Former Residence of Lu Xun Shaoxing

Location

No.229 Luxunzhong Road, Yuecheng District, Shaoxing 312000, Zhejiang Province, China.

Reasons to visit

One of the most famous Chinese writer’s former residence.

Opening Hours

  • 8:30a.m.-5:00p.m.

Shaoxing is Lu Xun’s hometown. Former Residence of Lu Xun where the famous writer of modern literature lived throughout his childhood is located on the intersection of East Changfang (No.208 Lu Xun Road today), Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province, China, and was the dwelling before he reached 18. This huge building complex was oriented south and north, has over 80 rooms, all built in a typical Taimen style, is the very living place for a family group.

Including its back yard Baicao Garden, the whole construction covers an area of 4,000 square meters. It was built during the late Qing Dynasty (1810-1813) and handed down from generation to generation. Till 1918 it was sold due to the decayed of the Chou’s family. But now in this house, furniture has been carefully preserved, photos have been added to show his childhood and his history and personal items are even stored.

Former Residence of Lu Xun Shaoxing

About Lu Xun

Lu Xun((25 September 1881 – 19 October 1936)), original named Shuren Chou, was a great writer, thinker, editor, translator and also the great educator and revolutionist of China. Lu Xun was his pen name. He spent his childhood in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province, China, before leaving to study abroad. His family went already far down the path from riches to rags when he was young, Lu aspired to take the imperial civil service exam; however, because of relative poverty of his family, he was forced to go to government-funded schools teaching “Western education”, Upon graduation, he went to medical school in Japan, but later dropped out. He became interested in studying literature, but was eventually forced to return to China due to the lack of money. After he was back to China, he began to teach in local school from 1910 to 1912. and then he taught at Canton but he had to hide in the French concession when the Kuo Min Tang (Nationalist Party) government deemed his books to be too dangerous. He finally found a job at the national Ministry of Education.
Former Residence of Lu Xun Shaoxing
Lu Xun is one of the founders of the contemporary Chinese literature. He had high literary achievements and was the pioneer of modern Chinese literature, having profound significance on Chinese literature after the May Fourth Movement. His novels have been translated into many language versions; and some of them were made into movies, such as the True Story of AH Q and the New Year’s Sacrifice, etc.

Things to Do and See

Today, most of the housings of the building have been backouted, only the housing of Lu Xun been kept. The housing has two sets, consists of Taimen Dou – a corridor between the front gate and the second door, courtyard, Halls, Living Rooms (a building with two layers), Kitchen and Dooryard, Backyard – Baicao Garden.

Here, you can find a lot of noteworthy and interesting sites, such as the Sanwei Study, Baicao Garden, the Tai Gate of the Zhou Family, Tugu Temple, Changqing Temple, Tazi Bridge, and the Xian heng Wine Shop. The Lu Xun Memorial Building was unveiled in 2004, which is a particular structure built on the concept of “old house, new space” and which combines the modern concept and traditional concept.
Former Residence of Lu Xun Shaoxing

Travel Guide

【Chinese name】: 鲁迅故居
【How to get to Former Residence of Lu Xun Shaoxing】: You may take high-speed train from other cities like Shanghai, Ningbo, Hangzhou, etc. first, then take taxi or public bus to reach the spot. In Shaoxing, Bus Route 8, 10, 13, 15, 16, 24, 66, 88, 108, 312, 315, 316, 317 reach directly Former Residence of Lu Xun Shaoxing (鲁迅故里).

Shen Garden

Location

No.318 Luxunzhong Road, Yuecheng District, Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province, China

Reasons to visit

Song Dynasty style garden.

Opening Hours

  • 8:00-17:00 in the day;
  • 18:30-21:00 at night

Shen Garden is located in the Luxun Middle Road, Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province, China. It is just about 200 meters away from the Former Residence of Lu Xun. It has more than 800 years history; it is a famous ancient garden in the ancient city of Shaoxing. Shen Garden is a private garden of a Shenxing merchant prince, hence, it has the name “Shen Garden”. Shen Garden was identified as a cultural relic protection unit in Zhejiang province in 1963. It is the only existing classical ancient garden in Song Dynasty style in Shaoxing.

Things to Do and See in Shen Garden

Experiencing repair, reconstruction and extension, current Shen Garden covers an area of 57 acres, and is divided into three parts including historical sites area, East garden and Nanyuan. In the historical sites area, the Gourd Pool and the hill are still the remains of Song Dynasty, and the rest are mostly on the basis of repair in archaeological excavation. East garden is located in the east of the historical sites area, also called Lovers garden; it all shows Jiangnan gardens features. Nanyuan lies in the south of the historical sites area, mainly consists of the Lianli Garden and Lu You Memorial Hall. Opening hours of Shen Garden is divided into two peiod, in the day and at night. During the day people mainly come and see the buildings inside the garden. Although the original buildings here were long gone, and now the buildings we can see are rebuilt in accordance with origin layout and location at that time.
Shaoxing Shen Garden
Shen Garden is well-arranged with its solemn and elegant tone. The scenic spots here are set off mutually, full of Song Dynasty flavor. The Gourd Pool, Song Well, Earth Hummock are Song Dynasty ruins. People used the excavating bricks of Song Dynasty to pile up the “Shen Garden relics wall”, and set up a monument at the side of the wall. The famous Chinese poet Lu You’s poem called Chaitoufeng was engraved on the monument to mark the beautiful love story of Lu You and his lover Tang Wan. As Lu You loved plum blossom so much, in this garden, you can see a lot of wintersweet tree planted on the bank of the stream, or under the hedge, or in front of the house, or on the hills. During the depth of winter season, wintersweet flourishes, full of prosperity.
What is more special is its night view, being more romantic and mysterious. The most interesting to visit this place at night would be watching performance at Shuanggui Hall, which tells the story of Lu You’s love story or some local dramas. If you are interested, you may ask the staff for the timing of the show upon your arrival.
Shen Garden is quite close to the hometown of Former Residence of Lu Xun Scenic Spot, only about 200 meters. You can visit them both in daytime, or visit the Former Residence of Lu Xun in the day and Shen Garden at night to enjoy the performance.
Shaoxing Shen Garden

Travel Guide

【Chinese name】: 沈园
【How to get to Shen Garden in Shaoxing】: You may take Bur Route 52 to reach Shen Garden directly. Or you can take bus to reach Former Residence of Lu Xun Shaoxing first, then walk eastwards for about 300 meters and you will reach the garden.

Lan Pavilion

Location

Lanting Town, Keqiao District, Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province, China.

Reasons to visit

One of the four most famous pavilions in China.

Opening Hours

  • 8:30a.m.~5:00p.m.
Lan Pavilion, also called Lanting or Orchid Pavilion, is located in the southwest of Shaoxing City, Zhejiang Province, China. It is the former residence of famous calligrapher Wang Xizhi of Eastern Jin Dynasty. Here, there are high mountains and lofty hills, flourishing woods and tall bamboo bushes, clear stream, floating wine cup along the winding water, and all the persons of virtue. It is a perfect place of city cultural scenery.
During the Spring and Autumn Period, The Rebirth of a king planted orchid here, while during Han Dynasty, a post pavilion was set here, hence it has its name “Lanting”. During the period of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, a lot of gentry got together here to hold distinguished meeting. Since Wang Xizhi had written down the first running hand “Orchid Pavilion Series”, this pavilion has been famous at home and abroad.

Things to Do and See in Lan Pavilion

Lan Pavilion is retired and quiet. The Goose Pool, Faces Places, Lanting Tablet, Wang Right Army Temple and so on are exquisite with primitive simplicity features, and are rare garden masterpiece.
The Goose Pool is the first scenic spot while getting into Lan Pavilion. The water in the pool is clear and green, and the gooses in the water are paddling. The Lanting Tablet Pavilion is the landmark of Lan Pavilion; and it is one of the four famous pavilions in China. It was built in the Qing Emperor Kangxi years. The Faces Places is a famous scenic spot in Lan Pavilion. You can see a wine-cup floating like a Chinese character “Zhi” with a woodstone standing in the middle of the water. Wang Right Army Ancestral Hall is the essence of this pavilion; here you can see whitewash wall. The annual lunar March 3 Chinese Calligraphy Festival opening ceremony and exchange activities are generally held in this hall.

Travel Guide

【Chinese name】: 兰亭
【How to get to Lan Pavilion in Shaoxing】: You may take bus route No.3 at Passenger Bus Center to reach the place directly.

Dayu Tomb

Location

Yuecheng District, Shaoxing City, Zhejiang Province.

Reasons to visit

Best-known hero of river-harnessing in ancient China.

Opening Hours

  • 8:00a.m.-5:00p.m.
Dayu Tomb, located in the east of the Shaoxing City in Zhejiang Province, is said to bethe bury ground of Da Yu. Da Yu was a great water conservancy hero in China’s ancient times; was the first emperor of China’s first dynasty – Xia Dynasty. He was remembered as “father of founding our state”.
Dayu Tomb is surrounded by mountains, strange peaks, clear stream, making Dayu Tomb more dignified and spectacular. The house group is strewn at random and each holds relief, momentum magnificent. Dayu Tomb is a actually large-scale classicism architectural complex, consisting of Yu Tomb, Yu Ci and Yu Temple. The building area of this tomb is more than 2700 square meters.
Dayu Tomb is one of the most prestigious historical sites in the southeast of China. In 1996, this tomb was promulgated as the national key cultural relics protection units and the national hundred patriotism education demonstration base by the State Council.

Things to Do and See

Dayu Tomb seats east west with beautiful natural environment. At the entrance of this tomb, there is a memorial arch inscribed its name”Dayu Tomb”. In front of the memorial arch, there is a decumbent bronze pillars which is named Dragon Bar; a column for tying up a horse on each side of the Dragon Bar. Dayu Tomb memorial arch, 12 meters in height and 14 meters in width, is built with stones, tall and of primitive simplicity. The roof of the memorial arch is Double Pheonixes Face The Sun, grave and elegant with exquisite carving.
On the left side of the tomb is Yu Ci, namely, it is Da Yu’s family’s ancestral hall. Inside the ancestral hall, there is an ancient well with one thousand years history called Yu Well. On the right side is Yu Temple, which is a set of palatial buildings; near the mountain and by the river, spectacular and magnificent.

East Lake

Location

East of Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province.

Reasons to visit

One of the three most famous lakes in Zhejiang Province.

Opening Hours

  • 8:30a.m.~17:30p.m.
East lake is located in the east of Shaoxing city, Zhejiang Province, China. Through one thousand years ghost axe and god chisel, hence there appears still cliffs and steep mountains, deep pool and abyss, like open sky. The lake is known as the “the world first water and stone bonsai”, and also one of the three famous lakes in Zhejiang Province.

Things to Do and See

Cruise view the east lake, the most wonderful thing is close view at Taogong hole and Xiantao hole. Take a boat into the hole to have a very narrow view; you can find green pool and the shadow of the rocks; some voice pass on via the valley. How amazing and special it is. If you stand at the bank of the lake, you just can see a simple stone box door; but, if you come close to the Xiantao hole with guide of the tour guide, then you will find a huge flat peach which is combined by the hole and its shadow in the water.

At the lakeside, there are many sight spots, such as Tingqiu Pavilion, Yinlv Pavilion, Xiangji Pavilion, Jishou Building, Guiling, and so on. Also, there are Xiachuan Bridge, Qin Bridge, Wanliu Bridge and other various ancient bridges stretch across the lake. If you go up the mountain along the stone steps, you can have a view of the whole Yangtze River Delta scenery.
The west side of this lake has the “Taoshe”, which was built to commemorate the revolution of martyrs Tao Chengzhang. Modern Sun Yat-sen, Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Lu Xun, Guo Moruo, and other China’s celebrities have left their trace here. East lake’s charming beautiful scenery and rich human landscape photograph reflect reciprocally; called the famous landscape scenic in eastern Zhejiang.
The East Lake is one of the main scenic spots in Shaoxing toward foreign tourists. Take a boat tour is the lake sightseeing features. Except enjoying the beautiful scenery in the lake, people can also go up to the mountain. At the top of the mountain, there are tea garden and tea house; really a good place to mountaineering overlook.

Keyan Scenic Area

Location

Keqiao keyan Avenue, Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province.

Reasons to visit

Classic water town scenery.

Opening Hours

  • November~March:08:00~16:30;
  • April~October:07:30~17:00
Keyan Scenic Area, located 12 km from the west of Shaoxing City, 12 km from the eastern suburb Hangzhou, is a place of interest melting the Guyue Culture with Shaoxing’s regions of rivers and lakes amorous feelings, ancient quarry view, mountains and forest. It was built in the Han Dynasty, more than 1800 years of history.
The entire scenic area concentrates and shows Shaoxing’s stone culture, water culture and wine culture, bridge culture, celebrity culture, Buddhism culture and technology culture, and has make the three scenic areas Keyan, Jianhu Lake and Lu Town organically. The whole area covers an area of 3 square kilometers, which make it to be the largest scale, most functional and high grade tourist scenic spot collecting food, housing, travel, entertainment and shopping in Shaoxing.

Things to Do and See

【Puzhao Temple】: It is a Tang style architecture, with the mountains lying, circuitous and magnificent. t is currently the largest domestic imitation of Tang architecture. In this temple, there are 18 greatly small stone arhats, matching with Shaoxing’s stone culture. Also, there are mountain gate, bell tower, Maitreya Hall, Hall of the god of wealth, etc…

【Yuezhong Personage Garden】: In the form of stone carving, it shows Shaoxing’s celebrities’ elegant demeanour, like Da Yu, King Goujian of Yue, Wang Xizhi, Lu You, Zhou Enlai, Lu Xun and so on. Together with all round stone cliffs, green trees, and beautiful grass and personage memorial, it has high art grade, and it is a place of patriotism education base with high cultural connotation.

【Jingshui Bay】: It showcases Shaoxing’s local scenery and local customs intensively, taking you into a world of interest.

【Stone Buddhas Sight Spot】: Through skillful craftsman’s continuous cutting in different dynasties, a variety of stone caverns and cliffs are made due to uncanny workmanship.